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ZhaiGuoqiang: Theoretical Logic and Practical Development of the Implementation of the Chinese Constitution

The Constitution, as the basic law in a country, must be implemented. Otherwise, it is a mere scrap of paper. However, the principle of and mechanism for the implementation of the constitution in China are different from other countries because of its unique historical, theoretical and practical logic. The constitution has both political and legal attributes. It is a general charter for administering state affairs and ensuring national security, as well as the basic law of the country.Generally speaking, there are two mechanisms for the implementation of the Chinese Constitution: political and legal. Taken the world over, constitutional review is an important institutional arrangement for ensuring the implementation of the constitution.In the recent revision of the Constitution,China established the Constitution and Law Committee under the National People’s Congresswith a view to advancing the constitutional review and strengthening the constitutional implementation and supervision. Today, constitutional review has become an important means ofimplementing the Constitution and is of great significance to advancing the strategy of ruling the country by law in a comprehensive way in China.